• Malaysian Bureau of Labour Statistics
Inventory of completed work

Research and Development

Nurfarahin Harun; Noraliza Mohamad Ali; Nur Layali Mohd Ali Khan

An Experimental Measure of Malaysia’s Gig Workers Using Labour Force Survey


With the increase in the labour supply and the labour market imbalances globally, a notable increase is witnessed in the number of temporary or flexible arrangement employment. This new development coupled with technological advancement which create opportunity of flexible work through digital platform, a new term of employment has been introduced that is gig employment. Examples of gig workers are ‘independent contractors’, ‘consultants’, or ‘contract professor,’ which are working only to complete a particular task for specific time and specific payment, with no more connection with their employer once the contract end. Gig economy is praised by various party especially policy makers, as a response to the wishes of a more entrepreneurial generation.

Report from International Labour Organization (ILO) showed that 2.0 billion people or more than 60.0 per cent of the employed population work informally worldwide, with most of them in emerging and developing countries. In the meantime, digitalization has created more opportunities for individuals to engage in gig employment whether for primary or secondary income. The rise of gig workers calls for new initiatives in social policy and play important role in employment creation, production and income generation. Thus, this study attempts to measure the gig workers in Malaysia experimentally using Labour Force Survey to gauge sociodemographic profiles of this new group of employment.

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